Everyone prepares in different ways to meet their specific needs in the event of a disaster. This article is going to talk about the most essential that could fit into a backpack bug out bag that would be essential to survive and aid you to rebuild your life whether you go or stay should disaster strike and you are forced to survival mode.
It is essential to have birth and death certificates, social security cards, passports, marriage certificates, divorce decrees, deeds, titles and insurance papers in the event of a disaster these are all required to re-establish yourself anywhere and to verify and validate who you are. It is also good to have fingerprint cards and recent photo of every member of your family. You need to have certified copies of all these nicely tucked away in a waterproof document holder, consequently zip lock baggies make good waterproof storage. A pocket atlas is great to help you find your way along with a listing of all shelters. There are wonderful sites for find a spring or find a swimming hole with down loadable files containing gps coordinates that would be a handy print out giving your family an edge on finding essentials for survival during disasters.
Fold-able shovel is a good tool for digging fire pits and shelters. Hatchet/hammer, pocket chain saw, Swiss army knife or comparable tool are wonderful items to get firewood and building shelter. Waterproof matches or flint fire starter, are essential to get the fire going for warmth and cooking. Hand crank flashlight/radio is great for signaling and keeping updated on the disaster. Fix blade survival knife and small can opener are other necessities for protection and getting food open. A compass to maintain your position and direction to prevent getting lost., Pot for cooking or boiling water for sterile drinking is an absolute necessity for any survival kit. Fishing string with hooks and sinkers will make sure you can at least catch something to eat near water.
Energy bars, dry soup mixes, noodles, canned meat, rice and peanut butter and salt are cheap essential to keep up your strength and energy. While it is great to have survival dehydrated foods and water with activated heat bags, not everyone can afford those so for this article we are listing readily available items that do not take up much room. A pocket food foraging book is also a great idea if you are unfamiliar with foraging, therefore you will have knowledge of the available foliage you can safely eat.
While a small portable water filter is great for filtering possible contaminated water they can be expensive, water purification tabs can be cost effective and save room and weight. It is recommended to have a canteen or water bottle for each person, consequently you may want to have them already filled and water stabilizer or 5-7 drops of bleach per gallon. It is necessary to rotate that water on average of 6 months or 1 year for bottled. Save you containers for getting more water. While they sell water stabilizer chemicals for storage, bleach is a cheap replacement.
Small first aid kit would include bandages, gauze and waterproof tape, iodine, sutures kit, tweezers, small scissors, antiseptic, thermometer, super glue, pain and fever reducers. While a small pocket how to first aid would help during an emergency a class in first aid could save life of a loved on.
Tarp either big enough to house everyone in make shift tent or small single one man tarp for each person, rope for however many tarps you have and metal stakes to hold the ends secure. Tents are nice though not practical for bug out bags where you are trying to limit space and weight to grab and move on a moments notice.
Flare or glow sticks, small mirror whistle, hand held gps with extra batteries, bug spray, solar blankets, sun screen vegetable seeds to plant garden sufficient for the number of members in your survival party for when you get to where your going to re-establish or dig in your lives.
While you certainly can add to this list and stock pile more essentials these are essentials for bug out bag to last three days or survival while traveling. It is intended for short term survival or bugging out to re-establish your life else where in the event of a disaster. I hope this has helped you prepare your family and that you all stay safe and confident should disaster strike.